By Kamila Aliyeva
Reformation of UN is not a new topic as it was previously raised by a number of world leaders and top officials.
Turkish Prime Minister Binali Yildirim called for the reform of the UN Security Council, Turkish media outlets reported on October 18.
He noted that the world is much more than just "a five" - China, France, Russia, the UK and the United States.
The minister added that the UN Security Council should meet the current requirements of the world community.
Earlier, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan also repeatedly called for reforms in the UN Security Council.
At the present time, Western countries do nothing to prevent or stop such tendencies as xenophobia, racism or the spread of hostility towards Islam, according to the Turkish leader.
"We want the UN Security Council to have a democratic, transparent and fair structure," he said.
Previously, U.S. President Donald Trump also called for changes in the UN and claimed that there is a need to review funding of the international organization. Trump has long been known for criticizing United Nations, saying that this structure is not working in full force.
In December 2016, Trump referred to the UN as a "club" for people to "have a good time." As a candidate, he questioned the institution's effectiveness in dealing with international threats.
The Security Council has primary responsibility for the maintenance of international peace and security. It is composed of five permanent member and ten non-permanent member countries.
Today, the issue of increasing the effectiveness of the UN Security Council, including the use of all its statutory peacekeeping capabilities, is becoming increasingly important due to a number of international crises.
Most probably, one of the main reasons for the Council's poor effectiveness is its inability to ensure the implementation of its resolutions in a number of cases. A clear example of this is the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, which emerged due to Armenia's illegal territorial claims towards neighboring Azerbaijan in 1988. Today, Armenia keeps under occupation 20 percent of Azerbaijan's internationally recognized territory in defiance of international law.
In 1993, the UN Security Council unanimously adopted four resolutions (No. 822, 853, 874 and 884), condemning the occupation of the territories of Azerbaijan, reaffirming respect for its sovereignty and territorial integrity, the inviolability of international borders and the inadmissibility of the use of force for the acquisition of territory.
Armenia has not yet implemented four UN Security Council resolutions on withdrawal of its armed forces from the Nagorno-Karabakh and the surrounding districts.
Kamila Aliyeva is AzerNews’ staff journalist, follow her on Twitter: @Kami_Aliyeva
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