By Abdul Kerimkhanov
Iran ranks 19th in the world, sixth in Asia, and second in the Middle East for the hydro power production, according to the International Hydropower Association.
The total power generated by hydro power plants in the world reaches about 4 million MW/h, thus avoiding the formation of 4 billion tons of greenhouse gases worldwide, Iranian media reports.
Currently, as many as 26.5 percent of the total energy produced in the world is provided by renewable energy sources.
The share of HPP in the total capacity of Iranian power plants is 15 percent. Iran's HPP have a capacity of 12,000 MW.
At present, China, Japan, India, Turkey, Vietnam and Iran are among the six leading Asian countries in terms of HPP.
The international association also called Iran the seventh country in the world in terms of the degree of increase in the capacity of its HPPs.
After the 1979 Islamic revolution, HPP construction in Iran became a popular partnership of private and state capital.
Iran fruitfully cooperates in the field of water supply and hydro power with neighboring countries, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Turkmenistan, Iraq, Tajikistan, Azerbaijan and Turkey. Examples of such cooperation are the construction by Iran and Turkmenistan of the Dusti dam (Friendship) and Iran and Azerbaijan of the Khoda Apherin dam.
According to the Ministry of Energy of Iran, the current total power generation capacity in this country is about 80,000 MW.
Currently, the share of HPP of the total nominal capacity of Iranian power plants is 19.87 percent, while gas power plants produce 31.4 percent of the total electricity in the country, the share of power plants with combined cycle is 29.48 percent and, finally, power plants with renewable energy sources account for only 0.79 percent of Iran’s total energy capacity.
Abdul Kerimkhanov is AzerNews’ staff journalist, follow him on Twitter: @AbdulKerim94
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