By Sara Israfilbayova
Azerikimya Production Union will build a number of new units by 2020, said Fazail Yusifov, deputy head of Modernization and Reconstruction Department of Azerikimya, on the last day of the 4th international conference "Oil refining and petrochemistry of the Caspian Sea and Central Asia," which has kicked off on November 28.
He went on to say that construction of new units started last year and will cover the period until the end of 2019.
"Four new steam pyrolysis furnaces and a pressure swing absorption (PSA) hydrogen treatment unit will be built within the framework of the petrochemical production’s modernization project, and this will make it possible to bring purification of the hydrogen fraction to 99.9 percent," he said. "It is also planned to build a new hydrogen electrolysis unit, a new propane-propylene fraction (PPF) purification unit, which cleans raw materials from polluting substances and poisons (sulfur, water, arsenic, mercury, phosphine, mono and carbon dioxide), a dry gas cleaning unit, a new distributed control system (DCS) for ethylene and propylene plant (EP-300), and a new ethylene and propylene storage facility."
Addressing the conference, he noted that at the same time, a lot of work is being done to modernize and reconstruct the existing units.
"In particular, we plan to reconstruct the existing propane-propylene fraction separation unit in order to increase propylene productivity from 136,000 to 187,000 tons, modernize hot and cold sections, existing C2 and C3 selective hydrogenation units, and this means replacing existing isothermal reactors with new ones," he said. "We expect to optimize the work of existing compressors of pyrogas, ethylene, propylene and a propylene heat pump, as well as upgrade auxiliary facilities and infrastructure. The work on the construction of treatment facilities, modernization of existing power substations and increase of the efficiency of the electrical system is underway."
Rasim Ibrahimov, chief engineer at the Heydar Aliyev Baku Oil Refinery told reporters that Azerbaijan’s state oil company SOCAR increased the depth of oil refining at the Refinery to 92 percent.
Last year, this figure was 89.5 percent, according to him.
“Since we abandoned fuel oil production, the depth of refining has grown and now stands at 92 percent,” said the chief engineer.
Ibrahimov also noted that SOCAR plans to keep this level in 2018 as well.
Currently, the Heydar Aliyev Baku Oil Refinery is being modernized, after which its production capacity will increase from 6 million to 7.5 million tons per year.
SOCAR announced the liquidation of the Azneftyag refinery and its merger with the Baku Oil Refinery named after Heydar Aliyev, in 2015. This decision was made in the framework of works to improve and optimize the structure of SOCAR.
The refinery meets Azerbaijan's entire demand for petroleum products and exports 45 percent of the products. The petroleum products processed at the plant include automotive gasoline, aviation kerosene, diesel fuel, black oil, petroleum coke, and others.
The company plans to produce high-quality oil products as part of the next stage of the reconstruction work to be carried out at the Heydar Aliyev Baku Oil Refinery. Under the program, the oil refinery will produce Euro-5 standard diesel in 2019 and the Euro 5 standard petrol in 2020.
The cost of upgrading the Baku Oil Refinery will be about $1.5-1.7 billion.
SOCAR is wholly owned by the government of Azerbaijan. SOCAR participates in joint ventures (including ventures in Georgia and Turkey), consortia, and operating companies established with SOCAR’s participation.
The company includes such production associations as Azneft (the enterprises producing oil and gas onshore and offshore), Azerikimya (the chemical enterprises) and Azerigas (distributor of gas produced in the country), as well as oil and gas processing plants, service companies, and the facilities involved in geophysical and drilling operations.
In 2016 the international conference "Oil refining and petrochemistry of the Caspian Sea and Central Asia," took place in Astana, the capital of Kazakhstan, and this year moved to one of the oldest and largest cities of the East - Baku.
Over the past four years, the conference has turned into the largest regional venue and the most significant event in the industry of the Caspian region and Central Asia, each year traditionally bringing together the heads of the biggest oil and gas companies, oil refineries and petrochemical plants of Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan, as well as foreign partners representing world engineering and technology companies.
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