By Amina Nazarli
The Caucasus Muslims Office issued a fatwa in connection with the beginning of the blessed Ramadan Month.
This year Ramadan will begin on Tuesday, June 7 and will continue for 30 days.
Note that in the Muslim calendar, a holiday begins on the sunset of the previous day, so observing Muslims will celebrate Ramadan on the sunset of Monday, June 6.
The date of Ramadan may also vary from country to country depending on whether the moon has been seen or not.
Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar, and is a month of fasting, prayer, giving and self-evaluation observed by Muslims. It is one of the Five Pillars of Islam.
Ramadan, as people also called “The Sultan of Eleven Months”, was conceived the second year of Hegira, whereby Muhammad emigrated from Mecca to Medina.
The Muslim holy month of Ramadan, teaches the faithful to love Allah, to test their will and patience, and to be wiser and more honest.
People are encouraged to read the Koran entirely during this month. According to Islamic belief, the Holy Book was revealed to the Prophet Muhammad during this time, making this an especially holy period.
Muslims throughout the Islamic world fast during the daylight hours during Ramadan. The resulting hunger is seen as a means of developing sympathy for the less fortunate, while learning to be humble and appreciate all of God's bounties.
For 30 days, they do not eat, drink, smoke or engage in sexual intercourse during fasting hours, testing their patience and ability to overcome temptations.
The holy Koran says: "As morning comes and white thread distinguishes from black thread, you may eat and drink and then complete your fast till the night."
According to the hadith, it is better to invite those who have fasted to your iftar table. It says that the one who feeds a person who fasted will receive the same reward as the one who fasted.
Foods that contain pork or alcohol are strictly prohibited during a meal. It is also undesirable to eat excessively, both during morning and evening meal, as it burdens the body and is harmful to health.