Azerbaijan turned into country conducting active policy in int’l arena- Polish think-tank
Azerbaijan's economic achievements were highlighted in the report of the world famous Polish think tank MISO (International Institute of the Civil Society) , Azertag state news agency reported.
The report titled "Last 10 years of economic and social
development performance of Azerbaijan" written by a group of
experts led by MISO Director Mateusz Komorowski was posted on the
website of the organization on September 25.
The report thoroughly analyzes the economic and social situation in Azerbaijan over the last ten years, and deals with the processes and their development performance in this field.
The report says that this year Azerbaijan will mark the 22nd
anniversary of its
"These 22 years have been marked by both remarkable development of the country (particularly in the last 10 years) and meaningful set of serious problems underpinning economic and social achievements of this biggest state of the Caucasus."
According to MISO experts, Azerbaijan has already turned into a country conducting active policy in the international arena.
"The international situation of Azerbaijan has a significant impact on its social and economic developments. Azerbaijan is a very active state in the international arena and since the restoration of independence in 1991 it conducts a sovereign and diverse foreign policy aimed at maintaining relations with many different states and international organizations, both regional and global. Azerbaijan is a state considering the suggestions of the international community, which is evidenced in the fact that as a first country in the world, Azerbaijan is following the recommendations of 7 international financial organizations accepted to create a special fund (SOFAZ) gathering income from crude oil exploitation inter alia directed at socio-economic reforms. Furthermore, Azerbaijan is an important partner for many states and international organisations, which stimulates its socioeconomic development. For the attractiveness of Azerbaijan in the international arena different factors play a role, including the positive image of the state and its role as a foreseeable partner and a stable element in the region, its favorable geographical location, independence from Russia and richness in natural resources."
The report continues saying that a very important step towards satisfying the needs of Azerbaijani society was the creation of the ASAN Service Center in 2012, supported by the president of Azerbaijan.
"This center's main goal is to support Azerbaijani citizens in
entrepreneurial activities. This initiative is innovative and could
be a good practice for many other countries as it enables citizens
easy access to establishing companies, strengthening professional
capacities, and receiving information on social and economic
support available for citizens etc.."
According to MISO experts, the Azerbaijani economy is based on natural resources, the usage and exploitation of which is one of key issues which are taken into consideration in economic development programs in the country.
"Azerbaijan possesses extremely rich and documented sources of crude oil estimated at the level of 1.6-1.9 milliard tons, thanks to which the oil sector dominates the economy . In 2003 crude oil exploitation amounted to 15.38 million tons, and in 2007 it rose to 42.6 million. In 2010, the figures were at around 50,8 million tons. Currently crude oil exploitation remains at a stable level of more than 40 million tons a year and amounted to 45.63 million tons in 2011 and 43.49 million tons in 2012. It is symptomatic that the amount of crude oil exploitation by the State Oil Company of the Azerbaijan Republic (SOCAR) has remained for the last ten years at a similar level; 8.92 million tons in 2003; 8.8 million tons in 2007 and 8.29 million tons in 2012. For the entire last decade the level of crude oil exploitation in Azerbaijan exceeded significantly the national demand for this resource (in 2003 the production of crude oil amounted to around 320,000 barrels a day, while the consumption is some 120 thousand barrels)."
According to the report, there are socio-economic reform programmes financed to a large extent from revenues obtained by natural resources exploitation.
"Among such programmes one should mention the 'State Programme
on Social and Economic Development of the Regions of the Republic
of Azerbaijan (2004-2008)' and the 'State Programme of
Socio-Economic Development of the Regions of Azerbaijan
(2009-2013)', which are conducted with means from crude oil
production. It is also characteristic for Azerbaijan that the funds
from crude oil production directed at solving problems and
conducting reforms flow simultaneously from separate sources, i.e.
directly from the state budget, from a special fund (SOFAZ) and
from an oil enterprise (SOCAR). It is estimated that from SOFAZ,
since its creation in 1999 until 1 January 2009, 7 038.8 million
manats were allocated to solving various social problems and
financing many infrastructural projects."
"Due to the social and economic reforms, the macroeconomic situation in Azerbaijan has been exceptionally strong since as early as 2003, the beginning of the time period covered in this report. Introduced in 1990s by the Azerbaijani government together with international financial institutions, the reforms have been gradually implemented and enacted. The basic economic macroeconomic indicators firmly demonstrate that in the last decade in Azerbaijan, a very noticeable and robust economic growth took place. One of the determinants of the growth is the gradually increasing gross domestic product. In 2003 GDP in Azerbaijan was$ 7.14 billion, in 2005 - $12.53 billion, in 2008 it grew to $46.25 billion, and in 2012 GDP oscillated around $68.7 billion. Moreover, since 1998, the biggest growth in GDP amongst the Commonwealth of Independent States has been observed singularly in Azerbaijan. Additionally, in consecutive future forecasts, the prognosis supports a further increasing GDP trend. According to prognoses, in 2013 the GDP Azerbaijan will reach $73.54 billion, and in 2014 GDP is to grow by another 6.7 % in relation to the preceding year . The chart below illustrates GDP growth in Azerbaijan between 2003 and 2012."
The "International Institute of the Civil Society" Foundation is
a non-political and non-governmental organization engaged in
promotion of the idea of civil society and development of its