By Rashid Shirinov
The unsettled Armenian-Azerbaijani Nagorno-Karabakh conflict has been once again brought to attention of the world community from the UN platform.
President Ilham Aliyev, speaking before the UN on September 20, has renewed his calls for just resolution of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict.
The Azerbaijani leader has urged introduction of a mechanism of sanctions against Armenia for non-compliance with UN resolutions demanding withdrawal from the occupied territories and return of refugees and IDPs.
Russian historian and political analyst Oleg Kuznetsov, commenting on the president’s speech, said that the international community, including the UN, is able to force Yerevan to implement the UN Security Council resolutions.
“Any small state that exists on the planet is one way or another dependent on a bigger country, which is a country-overlord for it,” he told Vestnik Kavkaza. “This is a universal law of international relations, so if there is a will Armenia could be forced to fulfill the resolutions of the UN Security Council.”
Unfortunately, the four resolutions demanding the Armenian troops to withdraw from Azerbaijan's occupied territories were ignored and not implemented by Armenia and no international organization exerted pressure on the occupier country. Moreover, the OSCE Minsk Group, as well as other international institutions, has repeatedly made statements on the conflict resolution, but all of them stayed on paper without implementation.
Kuznetsov further added that until the international community shows political will for Armenia’s implementation of the UN Security Council resolutions, any other means will not help to avoid Yerevan’s provocations and deaths.
As for the involvement of Armenian President Serzh Sargsyan in the genocide against Azerbaijanis back in 1992 in Khojaly, Kuznetsov stressed that in terms of the law Sargsyan is an international terrorist.
“Serzh Sargsyan is the head of the Karabakh clan, the military-political junta that is in power in Armenia. The clan consists of former field commanders of illegal armed groups of Armenian separatists in Nagorno-Karabakh,” he said.
The expert added that the entire political system of Armenia is linked to the quasi-state in the occupied territories of Azerbaijan, and Armenia itself is, in fact, a colony of this quasi-state established by the international terrorists from Karabakh.
“Armenia itself is occupied by Karabakh clan,” the political analyst noted.
Director of the Institute of Political Studies Sergey Markov, in turn, noted that the "Kazan formula” will help resolve the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict.
“Regions around Nagorno-Karabakh must be de-occupied in exchange for two corridors and for unblocking and demilitarization of the region. After that, gradual economic, social and humanitarian reintegration of Nagorno Karabakh into Azerbaijan must begin,” he said.
Markov also added that it would be logical for the Armenian leadership to reach a peaceful solution through the “Kazan formula,” but it is afraid of its radical Diasporas.
Azerbaijan and Armenia for over two decades have been locked in conflict, which emerged over Armenian territorial claims to Azerbaijan. Since the 1990s war, Armenian armed forces have occupied over 20 percent of Azerbaijan's internationally recognized territory, including Nagorno-Karabakh and seven adjacent regions.
Although the UN Security Council adopted four resolutions on Armenian withdrawal from the occupied lands of Azerbaijan in 1993, they have not been enforced during these 24 years. However, the UN Secirity Council hasn't taken any decisive actions in this regard yet.
Rashid Shirinov is AzerNews’ staff journalist, follow him on Twitter: @RashidShirinov
Follow us on Twitter @AzerNewsAz