By Sara Rajabova
Latvia’s ex-president has drawn attention to “frozen conflicts”, highlighting the unresolvness of the Armenian-Azerbaijani Nagorno-Karabakh conflict over two decades.
Vaira Vike-Freiberga said the position of the international community to resolve the “frozen conflicts” is very weak.
She told reporters during a conference of Eastern Partnership member countries in Riga that though OSCE Minsk Group was tasked to settle the long-standing Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, the efforts haven’t yielded results so far.
“There is the OSCE Minsk Group, which was created to solve the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict after the occupation of Azerbaijani territories by Armenia during the time of gaining independence by these countries, but there has been no result of its activity so far,” Vike-Freiberga said.
Armenia occupied over 20 percent of Azerbaijan's internationally recognized territory, including Nagorno-Karabakh and seven adjacent regions, after laying territorial claims against its South Caucasus neighbor. This led to a brutal war in the early 1990s that resulted in the killing of over 20,000 Azerbaijanis. 4,866 people went missing and over 100,000 were wounded, while 50,000 were made disabled.
Long-standing efforts by U.S, Russian and French mediators have been largely fruitless so far. Armenia continues the occupation in defiance of four UN Security Council resolutions calling for immediate and unconditional withdrawal.
Vike-Freiberga went on to add that there are countries that are involved in the settlement of this conflict. however, more than 20 years have passed, but the situation remains the same and there is absolutely no progress in its settlement, she added.
She further said no progress was reached in the settlement of the Transnistrian conflict and the conflict in Georgia.
“I'm afraid that in 2015 the international community is not in the best shape for the settlement of “frozen” conflicts,” she said.