By Laman Ismayilova
Exhibition "Masterpieces of History" solemnly opened at the Heydar Aliyev Center on May 27.
Vice-President of the Heydar Aliyev Foundation Leyla Aliyeva attended the opening ceremony of the exhibition, consisting of the Azerbaijani and Oriental collections of the Georgian National Museum.
Speaking at the event, Fuad Akhundov, head of the Public and Political Affairs Department of the Presidential Administration, stressed the importance of the exhibition.
He noted that five years ago it became known that there are thousands of historical, cultural artifacts related to Azerbaijan in the Georgian National Museum. President Ilham Aliyev and First Vice-President of Azerbaijan Mehriban Aliyeva were informed about this and a decision was made to organize a grand exhibition based on these materials.
Akhundov thanked the Heydar Aliyev Foundation for holding the exhibition. He stressed that the Ministry of Culture and the Georgian National Museum did significant work in this regard.
"A significant part of the paintings presented at the exhibition has been restored. From the day of its creation, the Georgian National Museum collected these artifacts and preserved them to this day. I express our gratitude to our Georgian colleagues for this," he said.
The Director General of the Georgian National Museum, academician David Lordkipanidze, in turn, noted that the ancient samples of art presented at the exhibition can be considered masterpieces of Azerbaijani masters. He expressed confidence that the viewers will like the exhibition.
Art lovers have a chance to enjoy about 300 exhibits until October 6.
In three sections, samples of ancient Azerbaijani art of the Qajar dynasty, a collection of household items and paintings from the Sardar Palace in the Irevan Khanate and photo documents from the archive of Russian photographer Dmitry Yermakov are displayed.
Most of the samples of the ancient Azerbaijani art of the Qajar era are represented by world-famous paintings created with oil paints, miniatures, ceramics, metal products, textiles and carpets belonging to the period of Fatali Shah's rule.
Being well aware of the power of fine art, Fatali Shah widely used architectural, artistic and decorative art to demonstrate his authority and achievements. The exhibition also presents a portrait of Fatali Shah himself.
The exhibition demonstrates six paintings from the 19th century, made with oil paints by the founder of the Azerbaijani panel, master of ornaments and portraits Mirza Gadim Irevani, who had a great influence on the visual arts in Azerbaijan.
The unique paintings left over from the palace of the Irevan Khanate destroyed by Armenians depict Shah Qajar, the Irevan rulers and heroes of the eastern epics.
Mirza Gadim Irevani is known for stencil patterns for embroidery, wall patterns, jewelry, lacquer paintings and drawing on glass. It was he who, in the middle of the 19th century, repainted the original pieces that survived in the palace of Sardar Irevan khanate, as well as the plates used in the decoration of the palace and the mosque of this complex.
The exhibition presents an ethnographic collection consisting of traditional costumes and household items found among the ruins of the Sardar Palace, samples of furniture, vases and other attributes of the daily life of the Azerbaijani people who lived in the territory of today’s Armenia. Acquaintance with these exhibits will help to more clearly recreate the lifestyle of that era. They also demonstrate the architectural style of the palace.
The exhibition displays a collection that includes photographs of Yermakov, who initially worked as a military topographer and then took part in the Russian-Ottoman war in 1877-1878. After the war, Yermakov was engaged in photography in Tbilisi, traveled in the Caucasus, took part in various archaeological expeditions.
He created a series of photographs showing in detail the process of destruction of the unique buildings of the Irevan fortress - the Sardar Palace, mosques, caravansary and other medieval buildings that made up the historical center of the city of Irevan.
The event also featured a presentation of the book "Irevan Khanate: Historical and Cultural Profile" by chief curator of the Georgian National Museum, professor Eldar Nadiradze.
Laman Ismayilova is AzerNews’ staff journalist, follow her on Twitter: @Lam_Ismayilova
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