By Vusala Abbasova
The energy rich Tajikistan is able to provide the neighboring countries with energy through the United Power System of Central Asia.
These statements were recently made by Tajikistan's Energy and Water resources Ministry, according to the ASIA-Plus.
Tajikistan is always advocated for the parallel operation of the power systems restoration in the region within the United Power System of Central Asia.
The Ministry also reported that the dismantling of Uzbekistan's section of the high-voltage 500 kV transmission line from the substation Regar in Tajikistan to Substation Husarin Uzbekistan significantly exacerbates the situation.
"However, there are all possibilities to restore this line, if desired," the source added.
Tajikistan has automatically left out of the United Power System of Central Asia, after the transition of Uzbekistan to autonomous regime in December 2009, the Ministry said.
Currently, Tajikistan plans to build the Rogun hydro power plant (HPP), that will have great importance for the country, as a solution to its energy problem and a tool for economic growth.
The Rogun HPP construction on the Vakhsh River, a tributary of the Amu Darya, will be able to generate about 13 billion kilowatt-hours of electricity a year.
That will both help the country to meet its domestic needs and make Tajikistan a major exporter of electricity.
However, Tajikistan faces the economic and political obstacles put by neighboring countries, in particular Uzbekistan, to construct the Rogun HPP.
Tashkent argues that the Rogun HPP will cause problems for Uzbekistan's agricultural sector and the formation of a giant reservoir behind the Rogun Dam would affect the flow of water to its cotton fields.
Uzbekistan is agricultural country, which uses more than 90 percent of its fresh water for irrigation purposes. Therefore, the Rogun HPP may have a negative impact on agricultural production of the country.
Besides, the Rogun HPP would give Tajikistan significant control over the Uzbek economy and crucial geopolitical authority in the region, according to the Uzbek experts.
The Rogun Dam is planned to be 335 meters high with a capacity of 3,600 megawatts per year. If constructed, the Rogun Dam will be the tallest dam in the world.
Despite the years of negotiations, the issue on the construction of the Rogun hydro power plant in Tajikistan remains on the agenda.
Furthermore, the implementation of the CASA-1000 electric power line project, that will supply 1,300 megawatt of existing summertime hydropower surplus from Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan in Central Asia to Afghanistan and Pakistan in South Asia, is currently under consideration.
Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan possess the world's largest environmentally friendly and inexpensive electric power, which is known as hydropower.
Tajikistan has 527 billion kWh of electricity reserves per year, which exceed by thrice the current demand of the Central Asian region for electricity.
Tajikistan plans to export 3 billion kWh under the CASA-1000 project can stimulate the interregional cooperation between the countries of Central and South Asia, as well as provide the rational use of natural resources.
Implementing CASA-1000 project on the territory of Tajikistan will be worth over $300 million, according to the Tajikistan Energy and Water resources Ministry.
The construction of the 500 kV transmission line and CASA-1000 projects is expected to compete by 2018, through financing by the World Bank (WB), Islamic Development Bank (IDB), European Investment Bank (EIB), and the United States Aid (USAID).
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